Living Crop Museum


Wilmington College 2005 

 Cereal Grain Crops

Common Name:


Latin Name:

Triticum aestivum


Bronze Chief

Crop Origin:

Mediterranean area


Annual grain - Hard Red Spring

Date Planted:

8 May, 2006

Growth Stages in Ohio

Wheat HRS Jan 1 06.JPG (3607584 bytes) Wheat HRS feb 6 06.JPG (1948120 bytes) Wheat HRS March 4 06.JPG (3628266 bytes) Wheat HRS Apr 4 06.JPG (3495611 bytes) Wheat HRS May 5 06.JPG (3168374 bytes) Wheat HRS 3 June 05.JPG (3505857 bytes)
January February March April May June
Wheat HRS 1 July 05.JPG (3959673 bytes) Wheat HRS 7aug05.JPG (2726590 bytes) Wheat HRS 3 sep 05.JPG (2941539 bytes) Wheat HRS 1 oct 05.JPG (3072391 bytes) Wheat HRS 4 Nov 05.JPG (3604138 bytes) Wheat HRS 2 dec 05.JPG (3856867 bytes)
July August


October November December

Cultivation in Ohio

Primary Uses:



Recommended planting dates for N. Dakota are before May 1st.  Under Ohio conditions this would probably give a recommended planting date earlier than April 15th.  Later planting dates cause exposure to daytime temperatures above 63 F which reduces the number of spikelets per head.

 Seeding Rate:

A reasonable final stand is 1,250,000 main stems/acre.  To achieve this goal you would need to plant around 1,388,900 seeds/acre, or 103 lbs/acre.  For a 100 sq. ft. plot the amount of seed is 108 gms.  Row spacing is variable but a spacing of 8-10 inches seems typical.


Nitrogen rates vary depending on the yield goal for the crop.  For a 60 bu/A yield goal about 150 lb N/acre total N is required.  P and K rates are set according to soil test values.  


Possible problems are caused by Russian Wheat Aphid, Armyworms, Cutworms, Wireworms, Grasshoppers, Wheat Stem Sawfly, Hessian Fly, Wheat Midge, and Wheat Stem Maggot.


Proper seed treatment will prevent many seedling diseases.  Other types of diseases causing problems on spring wheat are Loose Smut, Root Rots, Take-all, various rusts, Tan Spot, Septoria, Wheat Streak Mosaic, Scab, and Glume Blotch.  Resistant varieties are the most economical method of prevention.


Shattering is a major cause of grain loss in the field.  Wheat should be combined as soon as grain moisture drops below 15-18%.  Swathing may be done as soon as grain reaches physiological maturity (about 35%) as a means of reducing cracked or damaged grains.


Spring wheat is not normally planted in Ohio.  These practices are taken from recommendations for North Dakota.      TCS



 Wheat HRS leaf3.JPG (2915911 bytes) Wheat_HRS_plant.JPG (1120957 bytes)


Wheat HRS head1.JPG (2019652 bytes) Wheat_HRS_Flower_1.jpg (1503967 bytes)


Wheat_HRS_seed.JPG (1297246 bytes) Wheat HRS seedhead.JPG (1442454 bytes)


springwheatmap.gif (12356 bytes)

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